Malaria is an infectious disease caused by the Anopheles spp. Malaria can attack anyone, especially people who have high risks such as pregnant women, infants, and children. This study aims to analyze the influence of sociodemographic, and maternal behavior on the incidence of malaria in children in the Tumbuan Health Center, Seluma Regency. This type of research is an analytic study with a case-control study approach. The research sample was set at 50 people, consisting of 25 case samples, namely malaria sufferers who were declared positive for malaria and aged 10, and 25 control samples, namely non-malaria sufferers aged 10 years. Data were collected through interviews through questionnaires and data on malaria incidence registers at the Tumbuan Health Center, Seluma Regency from January 2013 to April 2014. Data analysis was carried out univariate and bivariate. The results showed that there was no relationship between the age of the child and the incidence of malaria in the working area of the Tumbuan Health Center, Seluma Regency (ρ > 0.05). There is a relationship between maternal education and the incidence of malaria (ρ < 0.05). There is a relationship between maternal knowledge and the incidence of malaria (ρ < 0.05). Relationship between the mother's attitude and the incidence of malaria (ρ < 0.05) and there is a relationship between the mother's actions and the incidence of malaria in the working area of the Tumbuan Health Center, Seluma Regency (ρ < 0.05).
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